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WILLIAM  YOIST  HXEMBOLBT.                     381
scientific from   political   interest; among  them was
Madame  de StaeL    He had also his toother here,
although the king frequently claimed the society of
Alexander.    For the  last time he enjoyed here the
exciting   society   of the   Count   Schlahrendorf,   who
could not resolve to  quit  Paris,   although tempting
proposals for returning to Berlin -were made to him.
Oelsner could not resist  these which his old friend
Humboldt made him in the name of the government^
and which promised him a position in the ministry
for foreign affairs.    He proceeded to Frankfurt before
the end  of   1815, to  await Ms  further  fate there.
Here he met Humboldt and his family again., from
whom  he received constant proofs of kindness  and
attachment,  even  when   his   enemies  attempted   to
calumniate him.    When Oelsner had published two
volumes of his great work? in  1817,  he received a
pension from government,   with  the   permission   to
return to Paris.    The time when such people were wil-
lingly appointed to official posts had already passed by.
We must here also mention the distinctions  which
Humboldt  received  during this time from his own
king, and from other monarchs.     In  1813, the king
appointed him. a knight of the order of the large red
eagle ; then he received the iron cross of the second.,
and the Russian  St.   Anne  cross  of the first   class.
Soon afterwards the great cross of the Imperial order
of St. Leopold was  conferred upon  him.    In  1815,
he received the great crosses* of the Danish Danebrog
order, of the order of merit  of the Bavarian Crown,
and the  Baden home order of  fidelity.    And ulti-
mately he received the highest honours of the war of
liberation; Hardenherg and Humboldt were the only
ones whom the king deemed worthy of the iron cross
of the first class, with a white ribbon.
He was also one of the eminent men whom the
Prussian state, after the termination of the second
peace of Paris, presented with large estates. Blucher,
Yorke, Billow von Demewitz, Kleist von Nollendorf,
Traiientzien and Gneisenau, Hardenberg and Hum-